How Does the Logic Model Work?
A logic model displays the chain of events that will effect changes and achieve your targeted outcomes. You might think about this as a series of if-then relationships.
Here are some examples of this relationship.
If the "Have a Healthy Baby programme" teaches about the importance of good nutrition and avoidance of smoking and drugs for a baby's health (outputs), then pregnant teens acquire the knowledge, change their attitude, and gain skills to eat more nutritiously (immediate outcomes). If pregnant teens know about and want to eat nutritiously, then they will eat nutritious meals (short-term outcomes). If they eat more nutritiously, then their baby will be born healthy (longer-term outcomes.)
.If the pesticide application training programme teaches farmers how to apply the correct amount of pesticides per acre (outputs), then they will gain the knowledge and skills to use pesticides appropriately (immediate outcomes). If farmers apply pesticides appropriately, then pesticide runoff is reduced (short-term outcomes). If pesticide runoff is reduced, then the environment and ground water will not be polluted (longer-term outcomes).
Underlying each of these if-then relationships are a number of assumptions. Assumptions are the beliefs we have about the program and the way we think it will work; principles that are guiding the program. In addition, you need to consider the environment (context) in which this relationship is occurring.
IF then IF then IF
INPUTS OUTPUTS OUTCOMES
The logic model is at the centre of much planning to-day. It displays the sequence of actions that describe what the program is and will do – how investments link to results. We include 5 core components in this depiction of the program action:
- INPUTS: resources, contributions, investments that go into the program
- OUTPUTS: activities, services, events and products that reach people who participate or who are targeted
- OUTCOMES: results or changes for individuals, groups, communities, organizations, communities, or systems
- Assumptions: the beliefs we have about the program, the people involved, and the context and the way we think the program will work
- External Factors: the environment in which the program exists includes a variety of external factors that interact with and influence the program action.
This logic model classifies Activities as OUTPUTS where we also include Participation. This has:
- allowed us to simplify the model and language
- helped us focus on outcomes versus outputs
- allowed us to attend equally to the important aspects of who participates or is reached that is central to our programming and diversity goals.
LOGIC MODEL IN IRELAND:
Centre for Effective Services Practice seminar series Feb. 2011
- As a tool to support service and programme design
As a framework to develop your vision and goals for the future in a tangible, measurable way
Helping to identify and understand the systemic nature of the work, the key linkages and cause and effect relationships
As a basis for quality assurance procedures
As a tool to help the organisation to balance its priorities, allocate resources and generate realistic plans
As a means of informing funders and other stakeholders about the work.
Lead Presenter Ellen Taylor-Powell University of Wisconsin-Extension-Cooperative Extension
Manual One Introduction to Logic Modeling –‘Glenvale’Four exercises focusing on strategies, inputs, outputs and outcomes. Producing a logic model
Manual Two Building a work related logic model. Five exercises focusing on strategies, inputs, outputs, outcomes and monitoring and evaluation. Producing a logic model
Manual Three Thinking critically about logic modeling. Three exercises focusing on critiquing a logic model, thinking critically about and improving your practice
Other useful sources
- Foroige Resource LOGIC MODELS Over the last several years, the concept of outcomes focused work and quality assurance has come to
increasingly underpin the delivery of child and family services in Ireland. Using an outcomes focused
approach ensures that emphasis is placed on what the desired result will be instead of focusing on the
number of outputs achieved.
- Evaluating 4-H Youth Development Programs
- Sample 4-H Youth Development Logic Models - View some logic models developed by 4-H Youth Development colleagues.
- Teaching about the Environment(1 page, 45KB) - Prepared by Jessica Jens, 4-H Youth Development Educator.
- Developing Youth Leaders (1 page, 43KB) - Prepared by Jessica Jens, 4-H Youth Development Educator.
- 4-H Club Leadership (1 page, 46KB) - Prepared by Jessica Jens, 4-H Youth Development Educator.
- Reducing Underage Drinking (1 page, 20KB ) - Prepared by Annie Lisowski, 4-H Youth Development Educator.
- Technology and Safety (1 page, 20KB) - Prepared by Annie Lisowski, 4-H Youth Development Educator.
Logic Model TutorialIf you would like to learn the basics of creating a logic model-- increasingly being required by funders and very useful for evaluation, check out the online flash based logic model tutorial. It takes about 15 minutes to view and gives you more than enough to get started developing a model for you programme. HERE
- Training Programme for Logic Models
- Demystifying Outcomes Youth Development Institute
- Outcomes for Children Ireland 2010
- Youth Guide
- Logic Models for Drug free school and communities US
- Childtrend examples
- Logic Model Work book
W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide The program logic model is defined as a picture of how your organization does its work – the theory and assumptions underlying the program. A program logic model links outcomes (both short- and long-term) with program activities/processes and the theoretical assumptions/principles of the program. The W.K. Kellogg Foundation Logic Model Development Guide, a companion publication to the Evaluation Handbook, focuses on the development and use of the program logic model. We have found the logic model and its processes facilitate thinking, planning, and communications about program objectives and actual accomplishments. Through this guide, we hope to provide an orientation to the underlying principles and language of the program logic model so it can be effectively used in program planning, implementation, and dissemination of results.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation
Examples of Logic Models